Hepatic insulin resistance and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease

by Marcia Barbosa Aguila

Publisher: Nova Science in Hauppauge, N.Y

Written in English
Published: Downloads: 523
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Subjects:

  • Etiology,
  • Insulin resistance,
  • Physiopathology,
  • Insulin Resistance,
  • Fatty Liver,
  • Physiology,
  • Fatty liver

Edition Notes

Includes index.

StatementMarcia Barbosa Aguila ... [et al.].
Classifications
LC ClassificationsRC848.F3 H47 2011
The Physical Object
Paginationp. ;
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL24885463M
ISBN 109781612095288
LC Control Number2011020036

Angulo P, Alba LM, Petrovic LM, et al. Leptin, insulin resistance, and liver fibrosis in human nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. J Hepatol ; Savvidou S. Low serum adiponectin levels are predictive of advanced hepatic fibrosis in patients with NAFLD.   Insulin resistance drives hepatic de novo lipogenesis in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease Gordon I. Smith, , Marc K. Hellerstein, Samuel Klein Published March 2, ; First published December 5, Citation Information: J Clin Invest. ; (3)Cited by: 2.   Over time, Shulman says, this process can result in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and hepatic insulin resistance. Although nonalcoholic fatty liver disease is associated with obesity, Shulman’s findings show that people with the gene variants are vulnerable to the disease even if they are of normal weight. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), also known as metabolic (dysfunction) associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD), is excessive fat build-up in the liver without another clear cause such as alcohol use. There are two types; non-alcoholic fatty liver (NAFL) and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), with the latter also including liver inflammation. Complications: Cirrhosis, liver cancer, liver failure, .

  The purpose of this study is to determine whether nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is associated with altered peripheral and hepatic insulin sensitivity and to investigate potential mechanisms underlying insulin resistance in NAFLD by determining associations between hepatic and peripheral insulin sensitivity, hepatic steatosis. the role of adipose triglyceride lipase in hepatic lipid metabolism, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and insulin resistance a dissertation submitted to the faculty of the graduate school of the university of minnesota by kuok teong ong in partial fulfillment of the requirements for degree of doctor of philosophy dr. douglas g mashek, advisor. Level greater than the upper limit of normal for the assay used (approximately 60 picomol/L) is considered evidence of insulin resistance. Should be measured in all non-diabetic patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease or non-alcoholic steatohepatitis regardless of BMI. Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease is associated with physical inactivity, obesity, and metabolic syn - drome. Screening is not recommended in the general population.

Smith GI, Shankaran M, Yoshino M, Schweitzer GG, Chondronikola M, Beals JW et al. Insulin resistance drives hepatic de novo lipogenesis in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Journal of Clinical Investigation. Mar 2;(3)   Elisabetta Bugianesi, Uberto Pagotto, Rita Manini, Ester Vanni, Amalia Gastaldelli, Rosaria de Iasio, Elena Gentilcore, Stefania Natale, Maurizio Cassader, Mario Rizzetto, Renato Pasquali, Giulio Marchesini, Plasma Adiponectin in Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Is Related to Hepatic Insulin Resistance and Hepatic Fat Content, Not to Liver Disease Severity, The Journal of Clinical Cited by: NAFLD (nonalcoholic fatty liver disease) is often associated with insulin resistance (IR) and type 2 diabetes. High-fat diet-induced liver triacylglycerol (TAG) accumulation results in the hepatic IR even after three days of administration and without significant impairment of insulin-mediated peripheral glucose disposal [ 2 ].Cited by: 6.

Hepatic insulin resistance and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease by Marcia Barbosa Aguila Download PDF EPUB FB2

Non‐alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is considered the most common chronic liver disease, with estimated prevalence of around 30% in the United States, and is a major risk factor for the development of non‐alcoholic steatohepatitis, cirrhosis, and liver‐related death.

Hepatic insulin resistance frequently accompanies NAFLD. This chapter reviews model for the pathogenesis of insulin resistance in the skeletal muscle, and discusses how insulin resistance Author: Max C. Petersen, Varman T. Samuel, Kitt Falk Petersen, Gerald I.

Shulman. Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease, Hepatic Insulin Resistance, and Type 2 Diabetes Andreas L. Birkenfeld1,2 and Gerald I. Shulman2,3 Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), hepatic insulin resistance, and type 2 diabetes are all strongly associated and are all reaching epidemic proportions.

Whether there is a causal link between NAFLD and hepatic insulin resistance is by: Non alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), hepatic insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes are all strongly associated and are all reaching epidemic proportions.

Whether there is a Hepatic insulin resistance and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease book link between NAFLD and hepatic insulin resistance is by: The current study evaluated the effects of RAS blockers in a model of diet-induced insulin resistance (IR) and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD).

Insulin resistance (IR) and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) have a close relationship, such that NAFLD is present in up to two thirds of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus Cited by: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), hepatic insulin resistance, and type 2 diabetes are all strongly associated and are all reaching epidemic proportions.

Whether there is a causal link between NAFLD and hepatic insulin resistance is by:   Abstract. Short term high fat feeding in rats results specifically in hepatic fat accumulation and provides a model of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in which to study the mechanism of hepatic insulin by:   Hepatic fat content and insulin action.

a, hepatic fatty acyl-CoA concentration; b, insulin-stimulated whole body glucose turnover. c, basal and clamped endogenous glucose production.

Solid bars represent basal values and striped bars represent clamped values. d, clamped EGP plotted against liver TG content. An increase in intrahepatic triglyceride (IHTG) is the hallmark feature of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and is decreased by weight loss.

Hepatic de novo lipogenesis (DNL) contributes to steatosis in individuals with NAFLD. The physiological factors that stimulate hepatic DNL and the effect of weight loss on hepatic DNL are not by: 2. NONALCOHOLIC FATTY LIVER disease (NAFLD) is a common hepatic disorder characterized by fat accumulation in the liver, identical to that seen in alcoholic fatty liver disease, but in patients who do not drink excessive amounts of by: Hepatic insulin resistance and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease.

New York: Nova Science, © (DLC) (OCoLC) Material Type: Document, Internet resource: Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File: All Authors / Contributors: Marcia Barbosa Aguila. Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is one of the most common chronic liver disorders worldwide.

It is associated with clinical states such as obesity, insulin resistance, and type 2 diabetes, and covers a wide range of liver changes, ranging from simple steatosis to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), liver cirrhosis, and hepatocellular by: Non‐alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is considered the most common chronic liver disease, with estimated prevalence of around 30% in the United States, and is a major risk factor for the.

Hepatic steatosis is an underlying feature of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), which is the most common form of liver disease and is present in up to ∼70% of individuals who are overweight.

NAFLD is also associated with hypertriglyceridaemia and low levels of HDL, glucose intolerance, insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes by: Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver (hepatic Steatosis without inflammation) Insulin Resistance is a major inciting factor of hepatic Steatosis. Lipotoxicity from free Fatty Acid s.

Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis (more severe, with risk of Cirrhosis) Hepatocyte injury with cell ballooning and inflammation. Inflammatory factors include cytokines and. Abstract. Recognition of a link between insulin resistance (IR) and liver disease dates back at least years to the term “hepatogenous diabetes,” which describes the association between cirrhosis and development of diabetes, and more recently to the term “diabetic fatty liver,” which antedated the now more common terms “nonalcoholic steatohepatitis” (NASH) and “nonalcoholic Author: Charissa Y.

Chang, Kerry Whitt, Zhenqi Liu, Stephen H. Caldwell. Keywords:Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, metabolic syndrome, insulin, insulin resistance, cardiovascular disease. Abstract: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) refers to a spectrum of liver damage ranging from simple steatosis to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), advanced fibrosis and cirrhosis.

NAFLD is considered the hepatic. Introduction. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is characterized by excessive deposition of fat (steatosis) in the liver and can be classified into two major clinical-histological subgroups: (i) non-alcoholic fatty liver (NAFL) and (ii) non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH).The prevalence of NAFLD in the general adult population ranges from 25% to 45% and rises with increasing Cited by: NAFLD and alcoholic liver disease (ALD) fall under the umbrella term of fatty liver disease.

The condition is defined as hepatic steatosis when 5 to 10 percent of a liver’s weight is fat. SymptomsAuthor: James Roland. Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease is associated with hepatic insulin resistance and may result primarily from increased hepatic de novo lipogenesis (PRIM) or secondarily from adipose tissue lipolysis (SEC).

We studied mice with hepatocyte- or adipocyte-specific SREBP-1c overexpression as models of PRIM and SEC.

PRIM mice featured increased lipogenic gene expression in the liver and Cited by: The Mediterranean diet improves hepatic steatosis and insulin sensitivity in individuals with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease Author links open overlay panel Marno C.

Ryan 1 2 Catherine Itsiopoulos 2 6 Tania Thodis 2 6 Glenn Ward 2 Nicholas Trost 3 Sophie Hofferberth 2 Kerin O’Dea 2 7 Paul V. Desmond 1 Nathan A. Johnson 4 5 Andrew M. Wilson 2Cited by:   This suggests that fatty liver is the precursor to insulin resistance, consistent with the overflow paradigm.

Over decades, chronic excess insulin leads to accumulation of more and more liver fat, which now resists further glucose influx. The overfilled, fatty liver creates insulin resistance.

There is increasing evidence for a causal relationship between hepatic steatosis and hepatic insulin resistance both in rodent models with hepatic steatosis and in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (4, 18–25).Cited by:   Mitochondrial dysfunction precedes insulin resistance and hepatic steatosis and contributes to the natural history of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in an obese rodent model.

Journal of Hepatology – doi: /ted by: Insulin Resistance in Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease: A Case Control Study The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S.

Federal Government. Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) comprises a spectrum of diseases, including simple steatosis, nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma.

Lipotoxicity, insulin resistance (IR) and inflammation are involved in the disease process. Lipotoxicity promotes inflammation and IR, which in turn, increase adipocyte lipolysis and exacerbates by: nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common chronic liver disorder in the United States (4, 8).It is a term for a broad continuum of liver illnesses extending from steatosis (simple fatty liver), to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis, to advanced fibrosis, and by: Title: Interrelationships between Hepatic Fat and Insulin Resistance in Non- Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease VOLUME: 6 ISSUE: 5 Author(s):Khalida A.

Lockman and Moffat J. Nyirenda Affiliation:Endocrinology Unit, The Queen's Medical Research Institute, 47 Little France Crescent, Edinburgh EH16 4TJ, Scotland, UK.

Keywords:Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, Insulin resistance. An association between increased insulin‐like growth factor binding protein‐7 (IGFBP7) expression and insulin resistance in metabolic diseases has been reported.

However, the role and molecular mechanism of IGFBP‐7 in non‐alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) remains largely : Hua Yan, Ting Li, Yatao Wang, Hong Li, Jingyuan Xu, Xiaolan Lu.

A Silent Epidemic of Nutritional Imbalance. Over seventy million Americans may have nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. 1 The disease begins with the accumulation of fat within the cells of the liver, but can progress to inflammation, the development of scar tissue, and in some cases death from liver failure or cancer.

Simple accumulation of fat within the liver generally proceeds without. Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, hepatic insulin resistance, and type 2 diabetes.

Hepatology. ; – Crossref Medline Google Scholar; Hotamisligil GS. Endoplasmic reticulum stress and the inflammatory basis of metabolic disease. Cell. ; – Crossref Medline Google Scholar; Tilg H, Moschen by:   Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease and the Heart: JACC State-of-the-Art Review. The increase in plasma and hepatic free fatty acids with hepatic insulin resistance and increase in glucose production leads to systemic insulin resistance, oxidative stress, altered lipid metabolism, and worsening systemic inflammation with interleukin (IL)  The prevalence of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is increasing in parallel with the prevalence of obesity.

DNA damage-inducible protein 34 Cited by: